PASSIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

Passive is used when it is not so important who or what did the action.

For example:

  • Somebody built this house in 1995. (active)
  • The house was built in 1995. (passive)

The form of passive sentence is be followed by past participle

 

be (is/am/are/was/were/has been, etc) + past participle

 

If you want to say who did or what caused the action, use by:

  • This dress was made by my mother

 

Here is the table of passive form of some active tenses

 

TENSES ACTIVE PASSIVE
Simple present eats is eaten
Present continuous is eating is being eaten
Present perfect has eaten has been eaten
Simple past ate was eaten
Past continuous was eating was being eaten
Past perfect had eaten had been eaten
Future will eat will be eaten
Conditional would eat would be eaten
Perfect conditional would have eaten would have been eaten
Present infinitive to eat to be eaten
Perfect infinitive to have eaten to have been eaten
Present participle (gerund) eating being eaten
Perfect participle having eaten having been eaten

 

Some examples of passive sentences:

  • The students are asked to do the assignment.
  • My broken car is being repaired now.
  • The room looks nice. It has been cleaned.
  • The hotel will be opened next year.
  • The house was cleaned last night.
  • The house was being cleaned when I arrived.
  • The room looked much better. It had been cleaned.
  • I don’t like being told what to do.
  • The problem can be solved.
  • The window should have been cleaned yesterday.

 

 

THE EXERCISE

 

 

EXERCISE 1

Choose the correct answer for the following questions.

1. ‘What happened to her skirt?” ‘Oh …. when she jumped over the fence.

(A)   to be torn

(B)   be torn

(C)   it was torn

(D)   tearing

(E)    it tore

2. This is very popular TV program. Every week it …by millions of people.

(A)   watches

(B)   being watched

(C)   has watched

(D)   is watched

(E)    had watched

3. ‘I want the red dress displayed in the window yesterday.’ ‘I’m sorry, it …

(A)   has to sell

(B)   has sold

(C)   has been selling

(D)   has to be sold

(E)    has been sold

4. The baby …by our neighbor while we are away.

(A)   be looking after

(B)   looking after

(C)   look after

(D)   looked after

(E)    be looked after

5. ‘What is going to happen to the children who have become orphans due to the tsunami disaster?’ ‘Don’t worry, they …’

(A)   will take care of

(B)   will have taken care of

(C)   will have been taken care of

(D)   will be taken care of

(E)    will be taking care of

6. I became quite nervous when I knew that my speech …

(A)   was to record

(B)   to be recorded

(C)   being recorded

(D)   to be recording

(E)    was being recorded

7. How long did he have to undergo the radiation treatments? ‘For a month. They …until he was dismissed from the hospital.

(A)   gave daily

(B)   to be given daily

(C)   were giving daily

(D)   to give it daily

(E)    were given daily

 

  1. I am still waiting … for the interview.

(A)   to call

(B)   to be called

(C)   being called

(D)   is called

(E)    be called

8. ‘Last night someone broke into our house.’ ‘Oh dear! …?

(A)   Did anything take

(B)   Was anything taken

(C)   Anything to be taken

(D)   Anything to take

(E)    Was anything being taken

9. Everybody knew that he had shown great loyalty to the company, therefore, he … a big sum of money at the anniversary of the company.

(A)   was to reward

(B)   rewarded

(C)   was rewarding

(D)   was rewarded

(E)    was being rewarded

 

  1. ‘Have you returned the book?’ “Not yet, it …

(A)   is still being reading

(B)   is still being read

(C)   will be read

(D)   was read

(E)    can be read

10. Do you know that at the moment some amazing experiments … by the university research biologists?

(A)   carried out

(B)   to carry out

(C)   are being carried out

(D)   be carried out

(E)    they are carried out

11. ‘Have they taken the injured boy to the hospital?’ The passive form of the above sentence is …

(A)   Will the injured boy be taken to the hospital

(B)   Has the injured boy been taken to the hospital

(C)   The injured boy is being taken by them to the hospital

(D)   Is the injured boy taken to the hospital

(E)    The injured boy has been taken to the hospital

12. They cancelled all flight because of fog. The passive form of the sentence is : Because of fog …

(A)   all flights had cancelled

(B)   all flights were cancelled

(C)   all flights have been cancelled

(D)   they be cancelled

(E)    they are being cancelled

13.‘You are not driving your car?’ “No, …”

(A)   it is repaired

(B)   it is being repaired

(C)   it was repaired

(D)   it has been repaired

(E)    it will have been repaired

 

EXERCISE 2

Read the sentences below and write another sentence wit the same meaning.

  1. The bill includes services. Services ….. in the bill.
  2. People don’t use this road very often. This road …..
  3. Somebody accused me of stealing the money. I …….
  4. They are building a new ring-road round the city. A new ring-road …
  5. They have changed the date of the meeting. The date of the meeting ….
  6. Brian told me that somebody had attacked and robbed him in the street. Brian told me that he …
  7. People should send their complaints to the head office. Complaints …..
  8. An electrical fault could have caused the fire. The fire …..

 

EXERCISE 3

Make the passive sentence from the words in the brackets. Look at the example.

Examples:

A          : Is Margaret popular?

B          : Yes. (she/ike/by everbody) She is liked by everybody.

1. A         : Was there any trouble at the demonstration?

B          : Yes. (about 20 people/arrest)

2. A         : Did anybody call an ambulance to the scene of the accident?

B          : Yes. (but nobody/injure/so it/not/need)

3. Mr. Kelly can’t se his office at the moment. (it/ redecorate)

…………………………………………………………………………………

4. What happens to the cars produce in this factory? (most of them/ export)

……………………………………………………………………………

5. Where is my bicycle? It’s gone! (it/ steal)

………………………………………………………………………….

6.The people next door disappeared six months ago. (they/ not/ see/ since then)

…………………………………………………………………………………

7. A tree was lying across the road. (it/ blow/ down the storm)

…………………………………………………………………………………

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