Recounts ‘tell what happened’. The purpose of a factual recount is to document a series of events and evaluate their significance in some way. The purpose of the literary or story recount is to tell a sequence of events so that it entertains. So, its purpose is to inform or entertain by retelling past events or experience. The types of recount can be personal, factual and imaginative recount.
Recounts are organised to include:
- an orientation providing information about ‘who’, ‘where’ and ‘when’;
- a record of events usually recounted in chronological order;
- personal comments and/or evaluative remarks, which are interspersed throughout the record of events;
- a reorientation, which ‘rounds off’ the sequence of events.
Common grammatical patterns of a recount include:
- use of nouns and pronouns to identify people, animals or things involved;
- use of action verbs to refer to events;
- use of past tense to locate events in relation to speaker’s or writer’s time;
- use of conjunctions and time connectives to sequence the events;
- use of adverbs and adverbial phrases to indicate place and time;
- use of adjectives to describe nouns
THE EXAMPLE OF RECOUNT
Record of events
|OUR TRIP TO THE BLUE MOUNTAINS
On Friday we went to the Blue Mountains. We stayed at David and Delia’s house. It has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and a tennis court.
On Saturday we saw the Three Sisters and went on the scenic railway. It was scary. Then Mummy and I went shopping with Delia. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats.
On Sunday we went on the Scenic Skyway and it rocked. We saw cockatoos having a shower. In the afternoon we went home.
Taken from Board of Studies NSW, English K-6 Modules. NSW: 109
Read the text carefully then answer the questions that follow.
Choose the correct answer for the following questions.
1) What is the purpose of the text?
(A) to inform about the experience of trip to the Botanic garden
(B) to describe about the Botanic garden
(C) to explain how to trip to the Botanic garden
(D) to persuade the reader to visit the Botanic garden
(E) to present the beauty of the Botanical garden
2) On Thursday 24 April we went to … . This paragraph is called …
(A) records of event
3) In what paragraph can you find the records of events?
(A) paragraph 1, 2, 3
(B) paragraph 2,3,4
(C) paragraph 3,4,5
(D) paragraph 1,3,5
(E) paragraph 2, 4, 5
4) What sentence is the reorientation of the text?
(A) On Thursday 24 April …
(B) After we arrived at the garden we walked …
(C) Next we did sketching and …
(D) A lady took us into a special …
(E) Soon after we had finished we went …
5) ‘After’, ‘First’, ‘then’, ‘Next’ … are called …
(C) time connectives/conjunction
Read the recount text above to answer the questions below:
1) What does the writer tell about?
2) Who went to the Botanical Garden?
3) How many places/parts of the garden did they visit? Mention.
4) Where did they have morning tea?
5) ‘It was most interesting’. (paragraph 5). What does ‘it’ refer to?
6) What are stated in the orientation paragraph in the text?
7) List the noun and pronoun of the text.
8) What are the conjunctions to show chronological order of the event?
Decide whether the following statements true (T) or false (F).
1) T – F There are three classes (grades) joining a trip to the Botanical garden.
2) T – F They went and returned to school together.
3) T – F They have lunch at the Education Centre.
4) T – F All grades visited the same places in the garden.
5) T – F First Farm is the most interesting place.