Expositions are used to argue a case for or against a particular position or point of view.
Expositions are organised to include a ‘statement of position’, ‘arguments’ and a ‘reinforcement of position statement’. The number of arguments may vary in expositions. The statement of position stage usually includes a ‘preview of arguments’. Each argument stage consists of a ‘point’ and ‘elaboration’. In the elaboration the argument is supported by evidence. Arguments are ordered according to the writer’s choice, usually according to criteria of strong and weak arguments. The reinforcement of the statement of position restates the position more forcefully in the light of the arguments presented.
Common grammatical patterns in exposition include:
- general nouns, eg ears, zoo
- abstract nouns, eg policy, government;
- technical words, eg species of animals;
- relating verbs, eg It is important …;
- action verbs, eg We must save …;
- thinking verbs, eg Many people believe …;
- modal verbs, eg We must preserve …;
- modal adverbs, eg Certainly we must try …;
- connectives, eg firstly, secondly …;
- evaluative language, eg important, significant, valuable.
Reinforcement of statement of position
|Animals in Cages
The children and teachers in Kindergarten at Matraville P.S. have been discussing animals in cages. We think they shouldn’t be kept in cages.
Firstly, not all animals are dangerous. A pet cat likes people and it wouldn’t hurt you.
Secondly, there isn’t enough room for the animals to run around.
They would get bored and it would be bad for their muscles.
Another reason for not keeping animals in cages is that they wouldn’t have anyone to play with.
Lastly, the animals have to be fed by the keeper and they don’t know how to feed themselves, how to find their food and how to hunt.
Therefore, we believe animals shouldn’t be kept in cages. It can be cruel.
Taken from Board of Studies NSW, K-6 English Module NSW.1998
Answer the following questions based on your own experience.
1) What do you usually do after school?
2) Do your teachers give you homework everyday?
3) When do you do your homework?
4) With whom do you usually do your homework?
Read the text carefully to answer the questions that follow.
Choose the correct answer of the following questions:
1) What is the purpose of the text?
(A) to inform the importance of homework
(B) to analyse and to argue about homework
(C) to describe homework
(D) to explain how to do homework
(E) to amuse the readers of doing homework
2) What is the type of the text?
3) The amount of homework give to students … (paragraph 1) is called …
(D) sequence of events
(E) statement of position
4) In which paragraph can you find the arguments?
(A) paragraph 1,2,3
(B) paragraph 2,3,4
(C) paragraph 3,4,5
(D) paragraph 1,3,5
(E) paragraph 1,3,4
5) In conclusion, homework should be reduced (Par. 5) is called …
(B) reinforcement of position statement
(C) statement of position
(D) sequence of events