Stages of Oral Language Development (Language Domain)
Receptive language, listening skills, expressive language, reading, and writing
||A child at this stage smiles socially, imitates facial expressions, coos, cries, babbles, playes with sounds, develops intonation, and repeats syllables.
||18 months to two years
||A child at this stage responds to specific songs, uses two-word sentences, depends on intonation and gesture, understands simple questions, and points and/or names objects in pictures.
||Two to three years
||A child at this stage begins to use pronouns and prepositions, uses “no”, remembers names of objects, and generalizes. There is a high interest in language and an increase in commucation. There is a large jump in vocabulary growth and articulation.
||Three to four years
||A child at this stage communicates needs, asks questions, begins to enjoy humor, has much better articulation, begins true conversation, responds to directional commands, knows parts of songs, can retell a story, speaks in three and four word sentences, is acquiring the rules of grammar and learns sophisticated words heard in adult conversation.
||Four to five years
||A child at this stage has a tremendous vocabulary, uses irregular noun and verb forms, talks with adults on adult level in four to eight words sentences, giggles over nonsence words, engages in imaginative play using complex oral scripts, tell longer stories, recounts in sequence the day’s events and uses silly and profane language to experiment and shock the listener.
Source : MacDonal, S. (1997) The Portfolio and Its Use : A Road Map for Assessment. Southern Early Childhood Association